Plants for Wildlife Habitat

Please note that the following list contains just a few varieties of each species to illustrate the variety of colors, growing conditions, and growth forms that exist within species. Species such as Rose, Lonicera (honeysuckle) and Ribes, for example, have many varieties that provide wonderful wildlife habitat value. Many species of grasses are listed because birds love to eat grass seed and grasses make a wonderful accent plant, or alternative to water-loving lawns. Muchas Grasses, Mostly Natives, and other Bay Area nurseries offer a wide variety of grasses.

Happy planting!

Jamie Ray, SF ROMP habitat planting coordinator.

Wonderful wildlife habitat plants for the Bay Area! 
by Jamie Ray 

Acer macrophyllum  Big Leaf Maple  (Tree) 
  
Achillea Yarrow   (2’-3 – insects, seed) 
Achillea borealis Island Pink Achillea  millifolium White, Achillea Moonshine  Yellow Achillea Salmon  Beauty Pink, Achillea Walter  Funcke Red 
  
Acorus  gramineus pusillus Dwarf Grassy Sweet Flag 
  
Aesculus  californica California Buckeye (Tree) 
  
Alnus rubra Red Alder (Tree) 
  
Amelanchier  alnifolia Service Berry (Shrub) 
  
Arbutus  menziesii Madrone (Tree) 
Arbutus x  Marina Strawberry Tree,  Arbutus unedo Strawberry Tree 
  
Arctostaphylos Emerald Carpet Manzanita 
Arctostaphylos  glandulosa Cushing Manzanita 
Arctostaphylos  Pacific Mist 
Arctostaphylos  u. Point Reyes Bearberry 
Arctostaphylos Woods Compact Bearberry 
  
Artemesia  californica California Sagebrush (insects, nectar) 
Artemesia  douglasiana Mugwort 
  
Asclepia milkweed (butterflies + insects for birds) 
  
Atriplex Quail bush (insects, nesting) 
  
Baccharis p.  ‘Pigeon Point and Twin Peaks Prostrate Coyote Bush 
Baccharis  pilularis  Upright Coyote Bush 
  
Berberis  thunbergii ‘Atropurpurea’ Dwarf Red-Leaf Japanese Barberry (thorny cover and nesting value, plus berries) 
  
Borago  Borage (needs room to grow. Insects for birds, pollen, edible herb) 
  
Buddleja  davidii  Butterfly Bush 
  
Calamagrostis  foliosa Leafy Reed Grass 
Calamagrostis  n. The King Pacific Reed Grass 
  
Calycanthus  occidentalis Spice Bush 
  
Carex conica  Snowline Silver variegated Japanese Sedge 
Carex morrowii Evergold 
Carex  nudata California Black Flowering Sedge
Carex testacea Orange Colored Sedge 
Carex tumulicola Berkeley Sedge 
  
Ceanothus  gloriosus Point Reyes Ceanothus 
Ceanothus  gloriosus exaltatus ‘Emily Brown’ 
Ceanothus griseus horizontalis ( 2’ ground cover)  
Ceanothus Ray  Hartman Wild Lilac 
Ceanothus  thyrsiflorus Wild Lilac 
  
Cistus  salviifolius Sage Leaf Rock Rose (dense cover, to 2’) 
  
Clematis armandii  Evergreen clematis  (vine) 
Clematis  ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower 
  
Cornus Yellow Twig Dogwood, Red Twig Dogwood, Creek Dogwood 
  
Correa Carmine  Bells, Ivory bells Australian Fuchsia (hummingbirds) 
  
Corylus  cornuta californica Western Hazelnut 
  
Crataegus  douglasii California Hawthorn (Lg. shrub to Tree thorms and berries) 
  
Cupressus  macrocarpa Monterey Cypress (bird nesting tree+ insects) 
  
Deschampsia c. h.  ‘Marin’ Tufted Hair Grass 
Deschampsia  c. h. Shell Beach Tufted Hair Grass 
  
Eriogonum  fasciculatum California Buckwheat (2-4’shrub, great bird plant – seeds, nectar, insects) 
Eriogonum  giganteum Saint Catherine’s Lace 
Eriogonum  latifolium Coastal Buckwheat 
Eriogonum  latifolium rubescens Red Buckwheat 
  
Festuca  californica California Fescue (grass/seed) 
Festuca i. Tomales  Bay Idaho Fescue 
  
Fragaria  chiloensis Tomales Bay Beach Strawberry (groundcover) 
Fragaria  vesca (californica) Woodland Strawberry 
  
Fuchsia procumbens Creeping Fuchsia (hummingbird shrub) 
  
Galvezia s.  Firecracker Island Bush Snapdragon (hummingbird shrub) 
  
Garrya elliptica  Evie Silk Tassel (large shrub, small tree, seed tassel) 
  
Heracleum lanatum  Cow Parsnip (3’ plant, insects) 
  
Heteromeles a.  Davis Gold Golden Toyon (lg. shrub, small tree. Berries) 
Heteromeles  arbutifolia Christmas berry Toyon 
  
Heuchera micrantha ‘Martha Roderick’ (hummingbirds) 
Heuchera Stormy  Seas Alumroot 
  
Hierochloe  occidentalis California Sweet Grass 
Hierochloe  odorata California Vanilla Grass 
  
Juncus effusus Soft Rush 
Juncus effusus  Spiralis Corkscrew Rush 
Juncus patens California Gray Rush 
  
Laurus nobilis Sweet Bay (Tree, insects, fruit) 
  
Lonicera hispidula Honeysuckle 
Lonicera  involucrata Twinberry 
Lonicera nitida Baggesen’s Gold 
  
Lotus  formosissimus Coast Lotus 
  
Lupinus albifrons Silver Lupine 
Lupinus  albifrons v. collinus Prostrate Silver Lupine 
Lupinus arboreus Yellow Bush Lupine 
Lupinus propinquus Blue Bush Lupine 
  
Mahonia aquifolium Oregon Grape (Ground Cover or shrub v. berries) 
  
Mimulus  aurantiacus Sticky Monkey Flower (shrub nectar insects) 
Mimulus cardinalis Scarlet Monkeyflower (sm. shrub, hummingbirds) 
Mimulus puniceus Mission Red Monkeyflower 
  
Miscanthus s.  Morning Light Japanese Silver Grass 
Miscanthus  sinensis gracillimus Maiden Grass 
Miscanthus  sinensis Hinjo Dwarf Zebra Grass 
Miscanthus  transmorrisonensis Evergreen Maidenhair Grass 
  
Monarda Blue  Stocking Violet Bee Balm (insects, 
Monardella villosa  Coyote Mint 
  
Muhlenbergia  lindheimeri Lindheimer Muhly Grass 
Muhlenbergia  richardsonis Mat Muhly 
Muhlenbergia  rigens Deer Grass 
  
Myrica californica Pacific Wax Myrtle 
  
Nassella  lepida Foothill Needle Grass Nassella pulchra  (Stipa) Purple Needle Grass 
  
Nepeta ‘Six Hills  Giant’ Giant Cat Mint Nepeta x Blue  Wonder Catmint 
Nepeta x faassenii Catmint 
  
Penstemon varieties  (to 2’hummingbirds) 
  
Prunus lyonii Catalina Cherry  (lg shrub, small tree, wonderful fruit + nesting) 
  
Quercus agrifolia Coast Live Oak (tree, acorns) 
  
Rhamnus  californica Coffeeberry  (shrub, berries) 
Rhamnus c.  Mound San Bruno, v. Tomales Bay 
  
Rhus integrifolia Lemonade Berry (shrub, berries) 
Rhus ovata Sugar Bush 
  
Ribes aureum  gracillimum Golden Currant (shrub, berries) 
Ribes  Menziesii Goosebery 
Ribes  sanguineum glutinosumPink Flowering Currant 
  
Rosa banksiae  Lutea Yellow Lady Banks’ Rose 
Rosa californica Shrub 6 ft 
Rosa Cecile Brunner Sweetheart Rose, Climber 30 ft (nesting, fruit) 
Rosa gymnocarpa  Wood Rose, Shrub 3-6 ft 
Rosa woodsii  v. ultramontana Sierra Rose, Shrub 5-9 ft 
  
Rubus  leucodermis Western Raspberry 
Rubus parviflorus Thimbleberry 
Rubus spectabilis Salmonberry 
  
Salix  matsudana ‘Tortuosa’ Scarlet Curls Willow
Salix  purpurea nana Elegans Dwarf Purple Osier 
  
Salvia apiana White Sage (insects, nectar) 
Salvia clevelandii  Cleveland Sage 
Salvia x  leucophylla Bee’s Bliss 
  
Sambucus mexicana Blue Elderberry Sambucus racemosa Red Elderberry 
Symphoricarpos  albus Snowberry 
  
Vaccinium ovatum Huckleberry 
  
Vitis californica California Wild Grape (vine, fruit,nesting)